Medical terms Hypertension is high blood pressure. It is by far a common condition that can lead to serious complications if untreated.
Complications off untreated hypertension can lead to emergencies scubas stroke, heart failure, heart attack, and kidney damage.
Dietary changes and losing weight are effective treatments for reducing blood pressure. Several lifestyle changes that can help to reduce blood pressure. These can be achieved by stopping smoking, reducing stress, reducing alcohol consumption, and by exercising regularly.
Lifestyle changes and diet modifications are very effective when used alone but often have the greatest benefit when used together.
On the other hand many patients with hypertension need and are advised to take medications to lower their blood pressure to safe levels and such goals are to be monitored regularly.
The main source of sodium in the diet is the salt contained in packaged and processed foods and in foods from restaurants.
The body requires a small amount of sodium in the diet. However, most people consume more sodium than they need. A low-sodium diet contains fewer than 2 grams (2000 milligrams) of sodium each day.
Drinking an excessive amount of alcohol increases your risk of developing high blood pressure. People who have more than two drinks per day have an increased risk of high blood pressure compared with nondrinkers.
Adding more fruits and vegetables to your diet may reduce high blood pressure or protect against developing high blood pressure. A strict vegetarian diet may not be necessary.
Eating an increased amount of fiber may decrease blood pressure. The recommended amount of dietary fiber is 20 to 35 grams of fiber per day. Many breakfast cereals are excellent sources of dietary fiber.
Eating more fish may help to lower blood pressure, especially when combined with weight loss.
Caffeine may cause a small rise in blood pressure, although this effect is usually temporary. Drinking a moderate amount of caffeine (less than 2 cups of coffee per day) does not increase the risk of high blood pressure in most people.
Regular exercise (walking, running) for 20 to 30 minutes most days of the week can lower your blood pressure, even if you don’t lose weight. To maintain this benefit, you must continue to exercise; stopping exercise will allow your blood pressure to become high again.